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Holy Week 

Quick jump:
Palm Sunday  →  Palms procession, Mass.
Maundy Thursday  →  Tenebrae: Matins + Lauds, Mass of the Holy Oils, Solemn Evening Mass.
Good Friday  →  Tenebrae: Matins + Lauds, Solemn afternoon liturgy.
Holy Saturday  →  Tenebrae: Matins + Lauds, Vespers, Vigil, Mass.
Easter Sunday  →  Lauds, Mass, Vespers.

Intr. = Introitus, Introit
Grad. = Graduale, Gradual
All. = Alleluia
Tract. = Tractus, Tract
Seq. = Sequentia, Sequence
Offert. = Offertorium, Offertory
Comm. = Communio, Communion
Ant. = Antiphona, Antiphon
Ps. = Psalmus, Psalm
Hymn. = Hymnum, Hymn
Cant. = Canticum, Canticle

LU = The Liber Usualis 1961 - PDF
OHS = Ordo Hebdomadae Sanctae 1961
OHM = OHS Monastic 1961 - PDF
M F T     Mode color, Final, Tenor + examples M F T
 1  D A serious Kyrie XI, Jesu dulcis, Ave maris stella, Gaudeamus, Inclina, Veni Sancte Spiritus, Dies irae 1A A E
 2  D F sad/content Dominus dixit, Qui habitat, Jerusalem (surge), Vir erat, De profundis, Justus (ut palma) 2A A C
 3  E C mystic Pange lingua, Exsurge, Eripe me, Omnia, Gaudens, Dignus, Benedicite 3A A F
 4  E A harmonious Credo I, Creator alme siderum, Resurrexi, Laetentur, Confirma, Various Alleluias 4B B E
 5  F C glad Credo III, Adoro te, Salve Regina, Attende Domine, Cogitationes, Tribulationes, Timebunt 5C C G
 6  F A devout Ave verum, Ave Regina, Regina caeli, Ubi caritas, In splendoribus, Pascha nostrum, Requiem 6C C E
 7  G D angelic Asperges, Hosanna, Oculi mei, Factus est repente, Ecce panis, Signum, In paradisum
 8  G C perfect Ad te levavi, Veni Creator, O salutaris Hostia, Introibo, Jubilate Deo, Pater, Lux aeterna 8C C F
________________
Solesmes produced two books especially for the celebrations of Holy Week:
- OHS = 1961 Ordo Hebdomadae Sanctae (Desclée No. 823), from the Roman Breviary,
- OHM = 1961 Ordo Hebdomadae Sanctae Iuxta Ritum Monasticum (Desclée No. 826), from the Monastic Breviary.
There are differences between OHS and OHM and this page details some of them:
- antiphons might have a different melody or a different mode,
- with a different or transposed psalm tone,
- verses might have the flex (†) or the division (*) at a different position.
Normally the responsories and lessons are identical.

The third book and most common one is the Liber Usualis which follows the Roman Breviary, so identical to OHS.
Finally: be aware that most of the videos for Tenebrae display the melody from the Liber Usualis, although the recordings are from the monastic OHM...
________________
General comments on Tenebrae:

Difficult responsories are:
- Maundy Thursday: 3. Ecce (vidimus eum) and 8. Una hora.
- Good Friday: 1. Omnes (amici mei), 5. Tenebrae (factae sunt), 6. Animam meam (dilectam) and 8. Jesum (tradidit).
- Holy Saturday: 1. Sicut ovis, 4. Recessit (pastor), 6. Ecce (quomodo moritur) and 8. Aestimatus sum.


Holy Week:
Hour Palm Monday Tuesday Wednesday Maundy Thu Good Fri Holy Sat Easter
Matins   1
  2
  3
 13
 14
 16
 34i
 34ii
 34iii
 44i
 44ii
 45
 68  8c
 69  8c
 70  8c
 R.8
 R.8
 R.5
  2   8G
 21  8G
 26  8G
 R.3
 R.2
 R.8
  4   8G
 14  4E
 15  7c
 R.4
 R.5
 R.5
  1
  2
  3
Matins
Nocturn   
I
  8
  9i
  9ii
 17i
 17ii
 17iii
 36i
 36ii
 36iii
 47
 48i
 48ii
 71  7c
 72  8c
 73  1g
 R.8
 R.2
 R.8
 37  8G
 39  4A*
 53  4A*
 R.8
 R.7
 R.8
 23  5a
 26  4E
 29  8G
 R.7
 R.8
 R.4
Matins
Nocturn
II
  9iii
  9iv
 10
 19
 20
 29
 37i
 37ii
 38
 49i
 49ii
 50
 74  7c
 75  8c
 76  7a
 R.7
 R.7
 R.1
 58  1f
 87  8G
 93  8G
 R.6
 R.8
 R.5
 53  8G
 75  7a
 87  4d
 R.4
 R.4
 R.2
Matins
Nocturn
III
Lauds II
(penitential)
 50    2D
117   1a2
 62    8G
Dan. 7c2
148   4A*
 50    4A
  5     2D
 28    4E
Isaias 8G
116   8G
 50    7c2
 42    7b
 66    7a
Ezech 3a
134   8G
 50    8G
 64    8c
100   1g
Anna 7a
145   5a
 50    8G
 89    2D
 35    8G
Moses 4A*
146   2D
 50    7c
142   4E
 84    1f
Habac.1f
147   8G
 50    4c
 91    4A*
 63    7b
Ezech 2D
150   8c
150   6F
Prime  53     1f
118i    1f
118ii   1f
 23   4A
 18i  4A
 18ii  4A
 24i   7c2
 24ii  7c2
 24iii 7c2
 25   8G
 51   8G
 52   8G
 53  No chant
118i       (§)
118ii
 53
118i
118ii
 53
118i
118ii
 53   A
118i  A
118ii A
Terce 118iii  1f
118iv  1f
118v   1f
 26i   2D
 26ii  2D
 27   2D
 39i   7b
 39ii  7b
 39iii  7b
 53  8c
 54i 8c
 54ii 8c
118iii
118iv
118v
118iii
118iv
118v
118iii
118iv
118v
118iii A
118iv A
118v  A
Sext 118vi  4A*
118vii 4A*
118viii 4A*
 30i   4E
 30ii  4E
 30iii 4E
 40   7a
 41i  7a
 41ii  7a
 55   1g
 56   1g
 57   1g
118vi
118vii
118viii
118vi
118vii
118viii
118vi
118vii
118viii
118vi  A
118vii A
118viii A
None 118ix 4A*
118x  4A*
118xi 4A*
 31   8G
 32i  8G
 32ii  8G
 43i   8G
 43ii  8G
 43iii  8G
 58i  5a
 58ii 5a
 59   5a
118ix
118x
118xi
118ix
118x
118xi
118ix
118x
118xi
118ix A
118x  A
118xi A
Vespers 109  7c2
110  3b
111  4g
112  7c
113  Per.
114  1g2
115  3g
119  7b
120  1f
121  4g
122  8G
123  1g2
124  1f
125  7a
126  5a
127  2D
128  8G
129  8c
130  1g2
131  3g
115      (*)
119
139
140
141
115      (**)
119
139
140
141
115  8G
119  8G
139  8G
140  7a
141  7a
109  8G
110  7c
111  8c
112  7a
113  8G
Compline   4    8G
 90   8G
133  8G

Hymn 28
Nunc 3a
  6    8G
  7i   8G
  7ii  8G

Hymn 28
Nunc 3a
 11   8G
 12   8G
 15   8G

Hymn 28
Nunc 3a
 33i  3a
 33ii 3a
 69   3a

Hymn 28
Nunc 3a
  4
 90
133

No hymn
Nunc
  4
 90
133

No hymn
Nunc
  4       (***)
 90
133

No hymn
Nunc
  4    8G
 90   8G
133  8G

No hymn
Nunc 8G
Hour Palm Monday Tuesday Wednesday Maundy Thu Good Fri Holy Sat Easter
(§) The Little Hours during the Triduum are recited, without chant. The antiphons are omitted.
(*) Maundy Thursday Vespers are not said by those who assist at the evening Mass of the Lord's Supper.
(**) Good Friday Vespers are not said by those who assist at the solemn afternoon liturgical action.
(***) Holy Saturday Compline is said only by those who do not assist at the solemn Paschal Vigil.
R. = Responsory


Rubric mode
/
tone
LU
1961
OHS
1961
OHM
1961
Comments
Introduction
Introduction OHS1 OHM1
Palm Sunday - Terce
Deus in adjutorium OHS19 OHM19
Hymn. Nunc Sancte OHS20 OHM20
Ant. Pueri Hebraeorum (vestimenta) OHS21 OHM20
Chapter OHS25 OHM23
R. Erue a framea OHS25
V. De ore leonis OHS26
V. Erue a framea OHM23
Kyrie OHM23
Pater noster OHM23
Oratio OHS26 OHM24
Benedicamus Domino OHS26 OHM24
Palm Sunday - Palms procession
- The blessing of palms LU579 OHS27 OHM25
Ant. Hosanna (filio David)
Matth. 21, 9.
7 LU580
OHS28
OHM26
D/E
Takes place just before the blessing of palms.
Starts on a joyful 5th.
Oratio OHS28 OHM26
- The distribution of palms LU581 OHS29 OHM27
1 Ant. Pueri Hebraeorum (portantes)
Ps. 23, 1-2 et 7-10.
1f LU581
OHS29
OHM27
D/E
Psalm verses are sung 2 by 2 and then repeat the antiphon.
2 Ant. Pueri Hebraeorum (vestimenta)
Ps. 46.
1f LU582
OHS30
OHM28
D/E
Same melody, different words.
Psalm verses are sung 2 by 2 and then repeat the antiphon.
- The reading of the Gospel LU583 OHS32 OHM30
- The procession with blessed palms LU584 OHS33 OHM31
Procedemus in Pace. / In nomine Christi. Amen. LU584 OHS33 OHM31
- Procession Procession around the church. Choir: process two by two side by side, it helps for the singing.
1 Ant. Occurrunt turbae
8 LU584
OHS33
OHM31
F/G
- On cum floribus don't forget to reach top D before coming back.
- The melody on the words digna dant obsequia is a bit tricky, especially to catch the minor third AC after the descending DCB; the A is just a tone lower than B...
- Do not pause at the quarter bar after Filium Dei.
2 Ant. Cum angelis et pueris
7 LU585
OHS34
F/G
Mode 7 = angelic, obviously.
- Watch out the episema on "to" in triumphatori, eventually lengthened.
OHM32
D/E
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.

4 LU585
OHS34
G/G
... Some antiphons can be omitted if the procession is short.
OHM32
E/F
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
4 Ant. Coeperunt
1 LU584
OHS35
OHM33
C/C
This last one is sung when the procession reaches the door.
- Another tsi on descendentium.
- No pause after viderant. Same after pax in terra.
- Hymn to Christ the King LU586 OHS35 OHM33
Hymn. Gloria laus
         (R. Gloria laus)

with verses:
1. Israel es tu Rex
         (R. Gloria laus)
2. Coetus in excelsis
         (R. Gloria laus)
3. Plebs Hebraea tibi
         (R. Gloria laus)
4. Hi tibi passuro
         (R. Gloria laus)
5. Hi placuere tibi
         (R. Gloria laus)
1 LU586
OHS35
OHM33
A/B
Hymn to Christ the King.
The refrain is repeated by all then the choir will sing the verses alternated by the refrain.



2 or 4 cantors go inside and close the door, the rest outside.
Cantors inside sing the refrain.
People outside repeat the refrain.
Cantors inside sing the verses.
People outside repeat the refrain each time.
etc.

Ps. 147.
8G LU588 OHS37 OHM35
D/E
Can be skipped (rubric 18, 1962 missal).

Ps. 147.
8G LU588
OHS38
OHM36
E/F
Can be skipped (rubric 18, 1962 missal).

8 LU589
OHS39
OHM37
B/C
Can be skipped (rubric 18, 1962 missal).

1 LU589
OHS39
OHM37
F/F
Can be skipped (rubric 18, 1962 missal).
("the faithful may also sing Christus vincit") LU590 OHS40 OHM38

5 LU? OHM38

8 LU? OHM40

8G LU? OHM41

+ Cant. David
8c LU1715 OHM41

7a LU1718 OHM42
- When the procession enters the Church: LU590 OHS40 OHM42
Resp. Ingrediente
   / Cum ramis
   / Cumque audisset
   / Cum ramis
2 LU590
OHS40
OHM42
F/G
Palm Sunday - Solemn High Mass
Intr. Domine ne longe
Ps. 21, 20 et 22. 2.
Ps. 21, 2-3, 5, 7, 13, 17-18, 22-24, 28, 31.
8 LU592
OHS42
OHM44
B/C
- Notice the note C on ne longe, lower than the starting D.
- No pause between meam and aspice and think about going high enough on the top D; then sing a long "pi" on aspice.
- It might be a good idea to breathe after et a cornibus to count the notes on unicornuorum: 3-2-2-1 before the jump GC.
- No Gloria Patri after the verse.
Kyrie XVII LU OHS OHM
Grad. Tenuisti manum
Ps. 72, 24 et 1-3.
4 LU593
OHS44
OHM46
C/C
Difficult piece, one of the few Graduale in mode 4.
Maybe it will be easier to sing the verse in psalm tone (see mixed version below).
- Here too count the notes on the tricky word voluntate: 4-1-1-3.
- Be very careful on the word me after assumpsisti: at first, pause at the quarter bar after the easy fourth GD and DEFG; second sing FGA like a Do-Re-Mi to come back to the same F followed by E, semitone, then F again, hold the note on the episema to jump a third FA + a semitone ABb, quickly followed by a minor third down BbG which is already tricky; and then we come to the difficult note: the A and be sure you are on A, it is lenghtened. Then you can take the ending, torculus GAG and clivis GE. Oof!
- Sorry for not analysing the verse... A bit difficult for me. We'll sing it in psalm tone.
Tract. Deus Deus meus
Ps. 21, 2-9, 18, 19, 22, 24 et 32.
2 LU594
OHS46
OHM48
Reading of the Passion... LU599 OHS51 OHM53 Sung by the priest (Jesus), the deacon (narrator) and the subdeacon (others).
Credo I or III LU OHS72 OHM74
Offert. Improperium 8 LU602 OHS76 OHM78
Hymn. Attende Domine 5 LU1871 This one or the next one.
Hymn. Vexilla Regis 1 LU575 This is the hymn for Vespers.
Sanctus LU OHS79 OHM81
Agnus Dei LU OHS79 OHM81
Comm. Pater + Ps. 21 verses 8 LU603 OHS80 OHM82 Psalm 21 is suited to the Passion: "My God, My God. Why hast thou forsaken me?"
Ite 4 LU OHS80 OHM82
Maundy Thursday - Tenebrae Matins
- 1st Nocturn LU626 OHS87 OHM87
1 Ant. Zelus domus tuae
Ps. 68. Salvum me fac Deus
8c LU626
OHS87
OHM87
A/B
Zeal for Your house * has eaten me up, and the insults of those who blaspheme You fall upon me.
- Practice the pronunciation of the word exprobrantium beforehand.
2 Ant. Avertantur retrorsum
Ps. 69. Deus in adjutorium
8c LU628
OHS90
OHM90
A/B
Let them be turned back * and disgraced, who desire My ruin.
- Watch out the drop down a third AF at the word cogitant.
3 Ant. Deus meus
Ps. 70. In te Domine speravi... et eripe
8c LU629
OHS91 OHM91
A/B
O My God, * rescue Me from the hand of the sinner.
- OHS and OHM are different on verses 8. Depending on the position of the flex.
- OHS has a flex on verse 17 and 21 which OHM hasn't.
- Watch out the drop down a third AF at the word peccatoris.
V. Avertantur retrorsum LU630 OHS94 OHM94
Pater Noster in silence LU631 OHS94 OHM94
Lesson I. Incipit Lamentatio Jeremiae Prophetae. ALEPH. F LU631 OHS94 OHM94
Giovanni Vianini sings the lesson in Mozarabic chant.
1 Resp. In monte (Oliveti)
8 LU633
OHS96
OHM96
E/F
℟. On the Mount of Olives He prayed to the Father, "Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from Me." * "The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak."
℣. Watch and pray, that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit..."
- After playing the few notes G-A for the incipit, play top C as well to show where it goes.
- First difficulty on the word potest: after it goes up to C it goes down to A and not G, it is tempting to sing G. Regroup at the prolongated episemed A before moving on.
- Curiosity on the word iste: the quilisma note is at the same level as the note before. It is common to find this type of neumes in the responsories. Sing the quilisma note as pulling the melody to the next.
- After the word vigilitate watch out the third up GB.
Lesson II. VAU. Et egressus est a filia Sion F LU633 OHS97 OHM97
2 Resp. Tristis est (anima mea)
8 LU635
OHS99
OHM99
D/E
℟ "My soul is sad, even unto death. Wait here and watch with Me. Now you will see the crowd that will surround Me. *
You shall flee, and I will go to be sacrificed for you.
℣ Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man will be betrayed into the hands of sinners. You..."
- Here too, after playing the notes F-G for the incipit, play A-F-A-C to show where it goes.
- At the words et vigilate the drop from C to AGF should not be difficult but stay focused...
- No interruption between vos fugam and capietis.
Lesson III. JOD. Manum suam misit hostis F LU636 OHS100 OHM100
3 Resp. Ecce (vidimus eum)
5 LU637
OHS102
OHM102
G/A
℟. There was in Him no stately bearing to make us look at Him, nor appearance that would attract us to Him. This is He who has borne our sins, and who grieves for us. But He was pierced for our offences; * By His stripes we are healed.
℣. Yet it was our infirmities that He bore, our sufferings that He endured. By His... There...
- Now we enter the "danger zone", a responsory a bit more difficult than average.
- First of all be sure to master the incipit it will come back in the end.
- The word ecce has the double "cc" which you pronounce t-ch, more than a single "c" like in "Church".
- Be careful to remember this very important B flat on the word decorem, it gives a special flavour to this piece. It comes back a few times in the next phrase.
- After non est: breathe and jump a fifth on hic to reach gently top F.
- Very long episema over the word portavit: emphasise mostly the first note of each neume.
- Still on the word portavit: notice the note B is back to B natural.
- The next phrase has another type of unusual quilisma: the one where the note after the quilisma is a minor third higher.
- Sanati sumus starts on B flat, expressing again this strange flavour encountered before. Strangely it is one of the few notes one remembers year after year when singing this responsory...

- In the end, after you sing a second time Cujus livore sanati sumus you go back to the beginning and there is a big difficulty: sumus ends on D and Ecce starts on B, that makes a strange interval of six semitones, between a fourth and a fifth. My trick? Visualise/sing the fifth in your head and lower down a semitone. Of course it will be easier if you remember the incipit by heart.
- 2nd Nocturn LU638 OHS103 OHM103
1 Ant. Liberavit Dominus
Ps. 71. Deus judicium tuum
7c LU638
OHS103
G/B
The Lord freed * the poor man from the mighty, and the needy whom no one will help.
- Roman version in OHS and Liber Usualis: normal psalm tone 7c, tenor is D, final is C.
7f OHM103
G/B
- OHM has a transposed melody, to a psalm tone which could be identified as ' 7f ': tenor is G, final is F. Listen to the recording: although it is not written, they flatten the top B. So the melody should be similar.
- OHM has a flex on verse 20 which OHS hasn't.
2 Ant. Cogitaverunt impii
Ps. 72. Quam bonus Israël Deus
8c LU639
OHS105
OHM105
A/B
The wicked thought * and spoke evil; sin from on high they have uttered.
3 Ant. Exsurge, Domine
Ps. 73. Ut quid Deus repulisti
1g LU641
OHS107 OHM107
F/F
Arise, O Lord, * and defend my cause.
- OHM has a flex on verse 23 which OHS hasn't.
- First difficulty on this one: getting use to psalm tone 1 when all the previous psalms so far have been in psalm tone 8 and 7. I recommend to play all the notes of the incipit on this one to hear the main notes F-G-A.
- Watch out the episemed E on "ca" in the word judica.
V. Deus meus, eripe me LU642 OHS109 OHM109
Pater Noster in silence
Lesson IV. Exaudi... LU643 OHS109 OHM109
4 Resp. Amicus meus
8 LU643
OHS110
OHM110
E/F
℟. "My friend has betrayed Me with a kiss for a signal: 'Whomever I kiss, that is Ke; lay hold of Him.' That was the evil sign he gave, committing murder by a kiss. * The unhappy man threw away the money that was paid for blood, and finally hanged himself with a halter.
℣. It were better for that man if he had not been born. The unhappy..."
- Not particularly difficult, no difficult interval...
- Maybe something to remember on the homocidium: at the syllable "mi" it comes back to G, same note as two notes before.
- Do not forget the "s" before "pendit" at the word suspendit.
- As well as the "x" at the end of Infelix.
Lesson V. Utinam... LU644 OHS111 OHM111
5 Resp. Judas (mercator)
2 LU644
OHS111
OHM111
E/F
℟. Judas, a wretched traitor, betrayed the Lord with a kiss. The Lord, an innocent Lamb, did not refuse the kiss from Judas. * For a handful of coins he delivered Christ to the Jews.
℣. It were better for him if he had never been born. For...
- No difficulty on this one; classic mode 2 railed over D and F.
Lesson VI. Quoniam... LU645 OHS112 OHM112
6 Resp. Unus (ex discipulis meis)
8 LU645
OHS112
OHM112
E/F
℟. "One of My disciples will betray Me today. Woe to that man by whom I shall be betrayed! * It were better for him if he had not been born.
℣. He who dips his hand with Me in the dish, he will betray Me into the hands of sinners. It... One..."
- Lovely fifth down DG at Vae illi. Watch out the unusual episema on C at the porrectus.
- The passing of notes on the words Melius illi works better if you decompose them as two groups: FGA like Do-Re-Mi and FAC like Do-Mi-Sol (major chord).
- Notice the long episemed double C at the beginning of the word fuisset, don't rush it.
- 3rd Nocturn LU646 OHS113 OHM113
1 Ant. Dixi iniquis
Ps. 74. Confitebimur tibi
7c LU646
OHS113
OHM113
G/B
I said to the wicked, * "Speak not iniquity against God."
- The antiphon melody as it starts sounds the same as the 4th Ant. Sit nomen Domini at Sunday Vespers.
- Lovely drop a fourth AE on the word Deum.
2 Ant. Terra tremuit
Ps. 75. Notus in Judaea
8c LU647
OHS114
OHM114
A/B
The earth trembled * and fell still when God arose for judgement.
- Give a trembling effect on the various "r" of Terra tremuit, but not too much.
3 Ant. In die (tribulationis)
Ps. 76. Voce mea ad Dominum... et intendit
7a LU647
OHS116 OHM116
C/E
In the day of My distress * I lifted up My hands to God.
- OHM has a flex on verse 3 which OHS hasn't.
- The incipit sounds the same as the Ant. In paradisum from the Requiem Mass.
- Difficult third up GB at "si" on the word exquisivi, remember the note B starting the word. This third is also the same as the one starting the antiphon.
V. Exsurge, Domine LU649 OHS117 OHM117
Pater Noster in silence
Lesson VII. Hoc... LU649 OHS118 OHM118
7 Resp. Eram (quasi agnus innocens)
7 LU649
OHS118
OHM118
D/E
℟. Yet I, like an innocent lamb led to slaughter, had not realized that My enemies were hatching plots against Me: * "Come, let us destroy the tree in its vigour; let us cut Him off from the land of the living."
℣. All My enemies contemplated evil against Me; they decided on an evil plan against Me, saying, "Come..."
- Careful at the word nesciebam: after the start on a fourth GC it is tempting to come back to G after C when it only goes down a minor third CA, on the next two occasions.
- Lovely fifth GD at consilium, built on mode 7 final and tenor.
- The word adversum has a not so easy third down AF, followed by G and back to A, before jumping again to C.
- On the word viventium do not forget to pronounce the "ti" as "tsi".
- Jump a fifth GD from the end of the antiphon to the beginning of the verse, same fifth as consilium.
- The verse recitates on C at first, then raises to D at the second part.
- The transition between the end of the verse and the repetition of half the antiphon (Venite...) is a 3rd down BG but it should not be difficult.
Lesson VIII. Ego... LU650 OHS119 OHM119
8 Resp. Una hora
7 LU650
OHS120
OHM120
A/B
℟. "Could you not watch one hour with Me, after exhorting one another to die for Me? * Or do you not see Judas? He is not sleeping, but is hurrying to betray Me to the Jews.
℣. Why do you sleep? Rise and pray, that you may not enter into temptation. Or..."
- The incipit has a similar pattern as the previous responsory.
- Notice how the staff is built: some notes go over the 1st line which is an E so the next note will be an F, semitone higher than E. Then the next one with an additional line is a G, tone higher than F.
- Considering that, the phrase qui exhortabamini mori pro me needs some work.
- It starts on a classic fifth GD higher than mecum, continues on a simple second DE followed by a normal CDE but then a minor third jump to G.
- The difficulty comes onto "ba": there is a second down GF (two semitones), not a semitone, not a minor third (three semitones); you quickly come back to G so the effect of making a mistake here will be reduced, but if you can sing that F right it will show you master the high notes of chant.
- It continues by a torculus EFE on "mi" with a semitone in between, as mentioned above?
- The next "ni" should not be too difficult, descending the notes, but be prepared for the next mori by the 'major chord' jump CEG; eventually remember the quilisma is placed a semitone higher than the previous notes and a tone lower than the following note, which is the opposite of a normal quilisma usually placed a semitone lower than the following note.
- Vel Iudam starts on B, a minor third down DB after the previous pro me, but then comes back to D in case you are lost; also its second torculus is again EFE with a semitone in between.
- On "de" of videtis you start on G and you may be tempted to come back to G on the porrectus, instead of A. At least there is an episema to regroup.
- The verse has similar patterns as the one from the previous responsory.
Lesson IX. Itaque... LU651 OHS120 OHM120
9 Resp. Seniores (populi consilium)
1 LU651
OHS121
OHM121
D/E
℟. The elders of the people took counsel together * How they might seize Jesus by stealth and put Him to death. With swords and clubs they went out as against a robber.
℣. The chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together a council, How... The elders...
Maundy Thursday - Tenebrae Lauds
1 Ant. Justificeris, Domine
Ps. 50. Miserere mei Deus secundum
8G LU652 OHS122
E/F
May You be vindicated, * O Lord, in Your words, and be victorious when You are judged.
- Watch out the third down AF between vincas and cum.
OHM122
E/F
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
2 Ant. Dominus tamquam ovis
Ps. 89. Domine refugium factus es
2D LU653 OHS124
F/G
The Lord * was led as a lamb to the slaughter, and He opened not His mouth.
- OHS has an interrogation mark after the word usquequo on verse 15...
- You may find difficult to pitch the F at the beginning of aperuit. Eventually you can memorize the two F from victimam ductus.
OHM124
F/G
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- The psalm tone has a different ending.
3 Ant. Contritum est cor meum
Ps. 35. Dixit injustus
8G LU654 OHS125
F/G
My heart * is broken within Me; all My bones have trembled.
- Notice the unusual B flat on mei.
- The words omnia ossa mea start with a gentle descending GFED, then don't forget to come back to F with a minor third DF.
OHM125
F/G
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- OHM has a flex on verse 4 which OHS hasn't.
4 Ant. Exhortatus es
Cant. Moysi
4A* LU655 OHS127
D/E
You have exhorted us, * O Lord, by Your strength, and in Your holy banquet.
- Melody similar to the Ant. Angelus Domini (see here).
- There is possibly a mistake at the end of the psalm tone: mode 4A* normally ends on a double dotted A/B.
- v1: watch out the diphthong "ie".
OHM127
D/E
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- OHM has a flex on verses 5 and 12 which OHS hasn't.
5 Ant. Oblatus est
Ps. 146. Laudate Dominum quoniam
2D LU657 OHS129
A/B
He was offered * because it was His own will; and He Himself bore our sins.
- On the words et peccata do not go back too low, remember to stay on F.
OHM129
A/B
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- The psalm tone has a different ending.
- No chapter
- No hymn
V. Homo pacis meae LU658 OHS130 OHM130
Ant Bene. Traditor autem
Cant. Benedictus
1g LU658 OHS131
F/F
Now His betrayer * had given them a sign, saying, "Whomever I kiss, that is He; lay hold of Him."
- Maybe one difficulty at word eis: starting a minor third GE lower than dedit.
- Also remember to not pause on top of the fifth unlike other pieces in mode 1 starting the same way, like Intr. Gaudeamus.
OHM131
F/F
- OHM has a different melody from OHS; among other things: B natural on autem when OHS and Liber Usualis have a B flat. On the video they sing B natural although they display the melody from the Liber Usualis, which has a B flat... I think it sounds better with a B flat.
Ant. Christus (factus est)
Philipp. 2, 8-9.
5 LU659
OHS136
OHM136
D/E
All kneel and sing.
1) Only the first part is sung.
2) Then at Tenebrae/Lauds on Good Friday a second part is added: Mortem autem crucis.
3) Finally at Tenebrae/Lauds on Holy Saturday a third part is added: Propter quod et Deus, the whole piece is sung.
This antiphon is sung as a gradual at Maundy Thursday Solemn Evening Mass (Graduale Romanum page 202).
+ Mortem autem crucis 5 LU659 OHS136 OHM136 Added on Good Friday.
Errata in English Liber Usualis: Mortem autem crucis is not added on Thursday but Friday.
+ Propter quod et Deus 5 LU659 OHS136 OHM136 Added on Holy Saturday.
Errata in English Liber Usualis: Propter quod et Deus is not added on Friday but Saturday.
Pater Noster in silence LU660 OHS136 OHM136
Respice B LU660 OHS136 OHM136 Do not say Oremus.
Maundy Thursday - Mass of the Holy Oils
Asperges me ? 7 LU11 OHS OHM No "Gloria Patri".
Intr. Facies 2 LU661 OHS139 OHM139 No "Gloria Patri".
Kyrie 1 LU OHS140 OHM140
Gloria 4 LU OHS140 OHM140
Grad. In Deo 5 LU662 OHS142 OHM142
Offert. Diligis 8 LU663 OHS143 OHM143
Sanctus 8 LU OHS146 OHM146
Agnus Dei 6 OHS149 OHM149 3 times "Miserere nobis".
Comm. Praedicabant Apostoli 1 LU664 OHS149 OHM149
- The blessing of the Holy Oils LU665 OHS150 OHM150
O Redemptor 2 LU665 OHS150 OHM150
Maundy Thursday - Solemn Evening Mass
No Asperges me 7 LU11 OHS OHM
Intr. Nos autem 4 LU667 OHS163 OHM163 No "Gloria Patri".
Kyrie IX LU OHS165 OHM165
Gloria IX LU OHS165 OHM165
Grad. Christus (factus est)
Philipp. 2, 8-9.
5 LU669
OHS168
OHM168
D/E
This piece is also sung at the end of Lauds during Tenebrae.
- Washing of the feet LU671 OHS169 OHM169
1 Ant. Mandatum novum do nobis 3 LU671 OHS170 OHM170 OHM has a different melody from OHS.
Antiphons are skipped if there is no washing of the feet.
2 Ant. Postquam surrexit Dominus 4 LU672 OHS171
OHM171 OHM has a different melody from OHS, with a transposed mode.
3 Ant. Dominus Jesus 2 LU672 OHS171 OHM171 OHM has a different melody from OHS.
4 Ant. Domine 5 LU673 OHS172 OHS indicates mode 6 but it is a mistake. The Liber Usualis has mode 5.
OHM172 OHM has a different melody from OHS.
5 Ant. Si ego Dominus 4 LU674 OHS173
1
tr.
OHM173 OHM has a different melody from OHS, with a transposed mode.
6 Ant. In hoc cognoscent omnes 7 LU674 OHS173 OHM173 OHM has a different melody from OHS.
7 Ant. Maneant in vobis 7 LU674 OHS174 OHM174 OHM has a different melody from OHS.
8 Ant. Ubi caritas 6 LU675 OHS174
8 Ant. Ubi caritas 8 OHM174 OHM has a different melody from OHS and a different mode.
Pater Noster in silence LU676 OHS176 OHM176
Offert. Dextera Domini 2 LU677 OHS177 OHM177
Sanctus IX LU678 OHS180 OHM180
Agnus Dei IX LU679 OHS182 OHM182 3 times "Miserere nobis".
Comm. Dominus Jesus 2 LU679 OHS183 OHM183 OHM has a different melody from OHS.
   + Ps. 22 (R. Dominus Jesus) 2D LU680 OHS183 OHM183 OHM has a different ending for psalm verses.
   + Ps. 71 (R. Dominus Jesus) 2D LU680 OHS184 OHM184 OHM has a different ending for psalm verses.
   + Ps. 103 (R. Dominus Jesus) 2D LU682 OHS186 OHM186 OHM has a different ending for psalm verses.
   + Ps. 150 (R. Dominus Jesus) 2D LU683 OHS188 OHM188 OHM has a different ending for psalm verses.
- Translation of the Blessed Sacrament LU685 OHS189 OHM189
Hymn. Pange lingua / Tantum ergo 3 LU957 OHS190
1A OHM190 OHM has a different melody from OHS and a different mode.
Psalm 21 LU749 OHS192 OHM192
Maundy Thursday - Complines
Good Friday - Tenebrae Matins
- 1st Nocturn LU688 OHS199 OHM199
1 Ant. Astiterunt (reges terrae)
Ps. 2. Quare fremuerunt gentes
8G LU688
OHS199
OHM199
E/F
The kings of the earth have taken their stand, * the princes have gathered as one against the Lord and against His anointed.
- Notice the B flat on terrae, unusual in mode 8.
- Watch out the third down BG on Dominum.
- Those who use the Liber Usualis: the psalm is taken from page 371 and you must remember not to sing the Gloria Patri at the end.
- v3. proiciamus is pronounced pro-i-tchi-a-mus, separate the "o" and the "i".
2 Ant. Diviserunt sibi
Ps. 21. Deus, Deus meus, respice
8G LU688
OHS201 OHM201
E/F
They divided * My garments among them, and for My vesture they cast lots.
- OHS and OHM distribute differently the words on verses 9 and 10.
- OHM has a flex on verses 19 and 34 which OHS hasn't.
- Between the words vestem and meam, try to distinctively separate the two "m".
- v3. laus starts on B, straight away to the termination.
3 Ant. Insurrexerunt in me
Ps. 26. Dominus illuminatio mea
8G LU690
OHS203 OHM203
E/F
False witnesses * have risen up against Me, and iniquity has lied to itself.
- OHM has a flex on verse 18 which OHS hasn't.
- Watch out the move from G to A on "xe" of insurrexerunt.
- Maybe it is a good idea to pitch C before starting the antiphon so to see where it goes.
V. Diviserunt sibi LU691 OHS205 OHM205
Pater Noster in silence
Lesson I. De Lamentatione. HETH.
(Cogitavit Dominus)
F LU692 OHS206 OHM206
1 Resp. Omnes (amici mei)
3 LU693
OHS207
OHM207
E/F
℟. All My friends have forsaken Me, and those who lay in ambush for Me have prevailed against Me; one whom I loved has betrayed Me. * And with terrifying looks they have inflicted cruel wounds on Me, and have given Me vinegar to drink.
℣. They have cast Me out among the wicked, and have not spared My life. And...
- Pitch G, B and C before starting the antiphon.
- Two drops at the end of mei: 4th then minor 3rd reaching E, mode 4 final.
- Important jump a 5th EB at the half bar after liquerunt me; not usual to have of fifth here between two "semitonesque" notes E and B. If you hear the semitone from B to the next C you know you had it right.
- On tradidit me: start on B, finish on B, same note. And pause at the quarter bar.
- percutientes: another word with pronunciation tsi.
- Be careful at the word aceto: after reaching top C your drop a minor third to A where it is a bit tempting to drop a fourth down to G. There is an episema on A to regroup.
- Another 5th EB after potabant me, same as above, but this one jumps a minor third to D after that.
- On the word proiecerunt there is a diphthong "ie" pronounced as one sound, like a short "yeah", or Iesus.
- Another difficulty, on pepercerunt: it is very tempting to put the first "r" at a different place like perpetua...
Lesson II. LAMED. Matribus suis F LU694 OHS208 OHM208
2 Resp. Velum templi
2 LU695
OHS210
OHM210
F/G
℟. The curtain of the temple was torn, * And the whole earth trembled; the thief cried out from the cross, "Remember me, Lord, when You come into Your kingdom!"
℣. The rocks were rent, and the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the Saints who had fallen asleep arose. And...
- Should not be too difficult but watch out the various episemas; especially the first one on the second note of Velum, lengthening which does not appear on Tracts of the same type.
Lesson III. ALEPH. Ego vir videns F LU696 OHS211 OHM211
3 Resp. Vinea mea
8 LU697
OHS212
OHM212
D/E
℟. My chosen vine, I planted you. * How could you turn out bitter, that you should crucify Me and release Barabbas?
℣. I spaded you, I cleared you of stones, I built a watchtower. How... My...
- Expressive progression CEG on the word clamabat.
- Watch out the various episemas and lengthenings on the words: dum veneris in regnum tuum.
- Careful on the word Barabbam: there is a difficult jump GB a major 3rd between "Ba" and "ra", word which will be sung three times with the various repetitions of the responsory.
- 2nd Nocturn LU698 OHS213 OHM213
1 Ant. Vim faciebant
Ps. 37. Domine ne in furore... quoniam
8G LU698
OHS213 OHM213
E/F
Those who sought * My life used violence.
- OHS has a flex on verse 10 which OHM hasn't.
2 Ant. Confundantur et revereantur
Ps. 39. Exspectans exspectavi
4A* LU699
OHS215 OHM215
D/E
Let those be put to shame * and confusion who seek to snatch away My life.
- OHM has a different intonation for the 1st psalm verse:
A-CDD where OHS has D-CDD.
- OHM has a flex on verse 16 which OHS hasn't.
- Melody similar to the Ant. Angelus Domini (see here).
- Possible mistake: normally verses in psalm tone 4A* end up with two dotted notes A-B.
- v4. careful, carmen quickly goes to the termination.
- v19. careful as well at ut auferant, it quickly goes to the termination.
- v21. watch out the diphtong "eu" in Euge: unique sound.
3 Ant. Alieni insurrexerunt
Ps. 53. Deus in nomine tuo
4A* LU701
OHS217 OHM217
D/E
Strangers * have risen up against Me, and the mighty have sought My life.
- OHM has a different intonation for the 1st psalm verse:
A-CDD where OHS has D-CDD.
- OHM has a flex on verse 6 which OHS hasn't.
- Melody similar to the Ant. Angelus Domini (see here).
- Also similar to the previous antiphon but with some differences. So be careful at making the distinction between both.
- Possible mistake: normally verses in psalm tone 4A* end up with two dotted notes A-B.
- v7. walk slowly through the word eripuisti
V. Insurrexerunt in me LU702 OHS218 OHM218
Pater Noster in silence
Lesson IV. Protexisti... LU702 OHS219 OHM219
4 Resp. Tamquam (ad latronem)
8 LU702
OHS219
OHM219
B/D
℟. "As against a robber you have come out, with swords and clubs to seize Me. * I sat daily with you in the temple teaching, and you did not lay hands on Me; and now when you have scourged Me, you lead Me away to be crucified."
℣. And when they had laid hands on Jesus, and held Him, He said to them, "I sat..."
- When singing the word gladiis memorize the G (in three places) as it comes back on the word et.
- The word comprehendere does not have the "de" straight away, you pass first the "pre", then the "hen" staying on the same "e" but making them sound as two "e", then finally the "de".
- Good breath before apud for the long phrase.
- Watch out the various episemas and lengthenings on the word eram.
- Notice the drop a fourth down DA after eram towards in.
- Also the drop a third down BG at the end of ducitis.
- Another diphtong "ie" sung as one sound on the word iniecissent.
Lesson V. Nostis... LU703 OHS220 OHM220
5 Resp. Tenebrae
7 LU703
OHS220
OHM220
D/E
℟. It became dark when the Jews crucified Jesus. About the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, "My God, why have You forsaken Me?" * Then He bowed His head and gave up the spirit.
℣. Jesus cried with a loud voice, "Father, into Your hands I commend My spirit." Then...
- Striking piece telling the death of Jesus Christ.
- Notice the word Judaei starts on a classic pattern but with a bouncing in the end.
- nonam might have a difficulty on the 4th down DA but there is an episema to regroup.
- Expressive melody on the words exclamavit Jesus voce magna, full of episemas, put emphasis in these words.
- The words « Deus meus, ut quid me dereliquisti » are the culminating point of the responsory, quoting psalm 21 which is sung twice on Good Friday: in the 1st nocturn and the afternoon liturgy. It will sound better if sung by a single cantor, but you can also regroup at ut quid.
- The word Deus starts on D, mode 7 tenor, takes a little push on C then D again and jumps to G, interval of a fourth. Staying there a while, floating. Top G, top note of this piece, like reaching God in Heaven.
- Also remember that because the C clef is on the second line, there is a semitone between the first line E and the note above F. This will happen on the words meus, ut and later on.
- Make a long pause before Et inclinato capite, as a sign of respect.
- The word emisit with the climbing G-BCD and descending 5th DG expresses the giving up of the spirit.
- The verse starts on D, a fifth higher, mode 7 recitation note. You might want to watch carefully the various neumes at the end, including quilismas, and count the notes so you won't go too high or too low; it ends on a dotted semitone CB, giving a sense of sadness.
- At the end, the second time you sing emisit spiritum, fade out the last notes.
Lesson VI. Exacuerunt... LU704 OHS221 OHM221
6 Resp. Animam meam (dilectam)
8 LU704
OHS222
OHM222
D/F
℟. The soul that I loved I delivered into the hands of the wicked, and My heritage has turned on Me like a lion in the jungle. My enemy roared against Me, saying, "Gather together, and hurry to devour Him." They put Me in a desert waste, and the whole earth mourned over Me, * Because no one is found to acknowledge Me and do good to Me.
℣. Men without mercy have risen up against Me, and they have not spared My life. Because... The soul...
- For this piece in mode 8 you have difficulties to find out the classic association of final/tenor notes G and C. The piece starts on the lower part of the staff, then you have a few major chord ascending notes GAC, then a few Do-Re-Mi for GAB. The end of the antiphon (Quia non est inventus...) before the verse again stays mostly in the bottom of the staff. Eventually the verse will look like a mode 8 responsory verse. Let's see in details.
- So it starts with animam meam on a simple GAB (Do-Re-Mi), it does not indicate where the semitone is.
- Don't hesitate to lengthen the episemas on tradidi, they will musically set the position of the semitone.
- The same can be said on the word iniquorum; also this one starts on a minor 3rd....
- After that, the words et facta ascend the three notes of a major chord FAC and eventually you reach mode 8 tenor C for the first time. Followed by GAB, the Do-Re-Mi we mentioned before.
- The following words hereditas mea repeat the melody from et facta est mihi.
- Now if there is a note to memorize from this Do-Re-Mi it is the top note (here: B) because it is the starting note of sicut. And this B is very difficult to pitch, because it is an interval of a diminished fifth FB from the previous word mea. Two possible ways: 1) you ask one singer to hold the note B from the previous word mea and he will give you the pitch when starting sicut (we tried it, it works) or 2) before starting sicut you take two seconds to project a fifth and you lower a semitone. Well, whatever works. This B is before a quilisma so plenty of time to adjust and regroup before moving towards the next note C. And if your hear the semitone BC you know you had it right.
- After that, the word dedit starts a fifth lower than silva, this one should be easier to pitch.
- Do not pause between deserto and solitudinis even it feels to.
- Same behaviour between super me and omnis terra. Bounce back to A and C.
- Like in the 1st responsory we meet again the word pepercerunt and its difficult pronunciation.
- 3rd Nocturn LU706 OHS223 OHM223
1 Ant. Ab insurgentibus in me
Ps. 58. Eripe me de inimicis meis
1f LU706
OHS223
OHM223
D/E
From My adversaries * set Me free, Lord, for they lie in wait for My life.
2 Ant. Longe fecisti
Ps. 87. Domine Deus salutis meae
8G LU707
OHS225
OHM225
E/F
You have taken * My friends away from Me; I am betrayed, and I cannot escape.
3 Ant. Captabunt
Ps. 93. Deus ultionum
8G LU708
OHS227
OHM227
E/F
They will hunt * the soul of the just, and will condemn innocent blood.
- v11. careful at quoniam, it quickly goes to the termination.
- v15. on the word quoadusque separate "quo" and "a": quo-a-du-sque.
V. Locuti sunt adversum me LU709 OHS229 OHM229
Pater Noster in silence
Lesson VII. Festinemus... LU710 OHS230 OHM230
7 Resp. Tradiderunt me
6C LU710
OHS230
OHM230
C/D
℟. They have given Me over to the impious, and among the wicked they have cast Me, and have not spared My life. The powerful have gathered together against Me, * And like giants they stand against Me.
℣. Strangers have risen up against Me, and the powerful seek My life. And...
- The C clef is on the third line so remember E is on the second line; then jump a semitone to find F between the first and second lines, note F which is met for the first time at proiecerunt.
- In the verse, the word animam starts with a torculus DEC: make sure to come back to C, memorized from the end of quasierunt.
Lesson VIII. Adeamus... LU711 OHS231 OHM231
8 Resp. Jesum (tradidit)
8C LU711
OHS231
OHM231
G/A
℟. The wicked man betrayed Jesus to the chief priests and elders of the people. * But Peter was following Him at a distance, to see the end.
℣. Now they led Him away to Caiphas the high priest, where the Scribes and the Pharisees had gathered together. But...
- As far as I know, probably the only mode 8 with a final C and a tenor F. Therefore the unusual position of the C key on the third line and pretty much all of the singing is above this line. This can be explained by B coming in two flavours:
 * B natural on senioribus,
 * B flat on the words videret, ubi and convenerant.
If the mode was 8 (with final G) instead of 8C (with final C) these two notes would be F# and F; but F# is not allowed in Gregorian chant.
If we allow F#, the whole piece could be rewritten with the C clef on the first line and then:
 + the tenor F becomes C, new tenor,
 + the final C becomes G, new final,
 + the old B natural becomes an imaginary F# (on the word senioribus),
 + the old B flat becomes F (on the words videret, ubi and convenerant).

- The C clef is on the third line so remember E is on the second line; then jump a semitone to find F between the first and second lines, note F which is met for the first time at tradidit.
- Classic jump a fourth up CF on summis, from final C to tenor F in this mode 8C.
- Walk slowly through sacerdotum and use the various lengthenings of A, starting from the episemed A at the end of the previous word principibus.
- Difficult interval a fourth down DA on et senioribus; transitional A so prepare for the next note C on "ni" and the ascending notes B-D-F, two minor thirds, on "o-ribus".
- At the end of autem: lengthen the note D and memorize it, you will come back to it at the end of eum, after sequebatur, make sure you get it right with the help of the episema.
- In the verse, on the word pharisaei, make sure to switch to D when singing the second "i".
Lesson IX. Nec... LU712 OHS232 OHM232
9 Resp. Caligaverunt (oculi mei)
5 LU712
OHS232
OHM232
F/G
℟. Worn out from weeping are My eyes: far from Me are all who could console Me. See, all you nations, * Whether there is any suffering like My suffering.
℣. O all you who pass by the way, look and see Whether... Worn...
Good Friday - Tenebrae Lauds
1 Ant. Proprio Filio suo
Ps. 50. Miserere mei Deus secundum
7c LU712 OHS234
G/B
God did not spare * even His own Son; He delivered Him up for us all.
- Roman version in OHS and Liber Usualis: normal psalm tone 7c, tenor is D, final is C.
7f OHM234
G/B
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- Also it has a transposed psalm tone which could be identified as ' 7f ': tenor is G, final is F.
2 Ant. Anxiatus est
Ps. 142. Domine exaudi... auribus
4E LU714
OHS236 OHM236
F/F
My spirit is faint * within Me, My heart within Me is appalled.
- OHM has a different intonation for the 1st psalm verse:
E-GAA where OHS has A-GAA.
- OHM has a flex on verse 4 which OHS hasn't.
3 Ant. Ait latro
Ps. 84. Benedixisti
1f LU715 OHS237
D/E
One robber said to the other, * "We are receiving what our deeds deserved; but what wrong has this Man done? Remember me, Lord, when You come into Your kingdom."
OHM237
D/E
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
4 Ant. Dum conturbata
Cant. Domine audivi auditionem (Habacuc)
1f LU716
OHS239 OHM239
D/E
When my soul * is in trouble, Lord, You will remember Your mercy.
- OHM has a flex on verses 12 and 17 which OHS hasn't.
5 Ant. Memento mei
Ps. 147. Lauda Jerusalem
8G LU718 OHS241
E/F
Remember me, * Lord, when You come into Your kingdom.
OHM241
E/F
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- No chapter
- No hymn
V. Collocavit me LU718 OHS242 OHM242
Ant Bene. Posuerunt
Cant. Benedictus
1g LU718 OHS131
C/C
They put * above His head the charge against Him, written: "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews."
OHM131
C/C
- OHM has a different melody from OHS; among other things: B natural on autem when OHS and Liber Usualis have a B flat. On the video they sing B natural although they display the melody from the Liber Usualis, which has a B flat... I think it sounds better with a B flat.
Ant. Christus (factus est)
+ Mortem autem crucis

Philipp. 2, 8-9.
5 LU659
OHS136
OHM136
D/E
All kneel and sing.
Errata in English Liber Usualis: Mortem autem crucis is not added on Thursday but Friday.
+ Propter quod et Deus 5 LU659 OHS136 OHM136 Added on Holy Saturday.
Errata in English Liber Usualis: Propter quod et Deus is not added on Friday but Saturday.
Pater Noster in silence LU660 OHS136 OHM136
Respice B LU660 OHS136 OHM136 Do not say Oremus.
Good Friday - Solemn afternoon liturgy
- First part. The lessons LU720 OHS255 OHM255
Lesson I. Haec dicit... LU721 OHS256 OHM256
Resp. Domine 2 LU721 OHS256 OHM256
Lesson II. In diebus... LU724 OHS259 OHM259
Resp. Eripe me 2 LU725 OHS260 OHM260
Passio Domini LU729 OHS264 OHM264
- Second part. The prayers LU732 OHS284 OHM284
- Third part. Adoration of the Holy Cross LU735 OHS292 OHM292
Ant. Ecce lignum Crucis / R. Venite adoremus 6 LU735 OHS293 OHM293 Sung 3 times
- The reproaches I LU737 OHS294 OHM294
V. Popule meus / Quia eduxi 1 LU737 OHS294 OHM294
Hagios ? LU737 OHS295 OHM295
Sanctus Immortalis ? LU738 OHS295 OHM295
Quia eduxi ? LU738 OHS295 OHM295
Quid ultra ? LU738 OHS296 OHM296
- The reproaches II LU739 OHS297 OHM297
V. Ego propter ? LU739 OHS297 OHM297
V. Popule meus 1? LU737 OHS297 OHM297
- The reproaches III LU741 OHS299 OHM299
Ant. Crucem tuam 4 LU741 OHS299 OHM299
- The reproaches IV LU742 OHS300 OHM300
Crux fidelis 1 LU742 OHS300 OHM300
Hymn. Pange lingua 1 LU742 OHS301 OHM301 OHM has a different text from OHS.
- Fourth part. Holy Communion LU745 OHS305 OHM305
1 Ant. Adoramus te 1 LU746 OHS305 OHM305
2 Ant. Per lignum 8 LU746 OHS306 OHM306
3 Ant. Salvator mundi, salva nos 7 LU747 OHS306 OHM306
PATER NOSTER LU747 OHS307 OHM307 All present say the prayer with the celebrant.
Psalm 21
? LU749 OHS309 OHM309 OHM has a different ending from OHS for the psalm.
Holy Saturday - Tenebrae Matins
- 1st Nocturn LU752 OHS313 OHM313
1 Ant. In pace (in idipsum)
Ps. 4. Cum invocarem
8G LU752
OHS313
OHM313
E/F
In peace * itself, I shall sleep and rest.

- Those who use the Liber Usualis: the psalm is taken from page 264 and you must remember not to sing the Gloria Patri at the end.
2 Ant. Habitabit
Ps. 14. Dominus quis habitabit
4E LU752
OHS314 OHM314
F/F
He shall dwell * in Your tent, He shall rest on Your holy mountain.
- OHM has a different intonation for the 1st psalm verse:
E-GAA where OHS has A-GAA.
- OHM has a flex on verse 6 which OHS hasn't.
3 Ant. Caro mea
Ps. 15. Conserva me Domine
7c LU753 OHS315
G/B
My body * shall rest in hope.
- Roman version in OHS and Liber Usualis: normal psalm tone 7c, tenor is D, final is C.
7f OHM315
G/B
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- Also it has a transposed psalm tone which could be identified as ' 7f ': tenor is G, final is F.
V. In pace in idipsum LU754 OHS316 OHM316
Pater Noster in silence
Lesson I. De lamentatione. HETH.
(Misericordiae Domini)
F LU754 OHS317 OHM317
1 Resp. Sicut ovis
4 LU755
OHS318
OHM318
F/G
℟. Like a sheep He was led to the slaughter, and, though He was harshly treated, He opened not His mouth. He was delivered up to death, * That He might give life to His people.
℣. He surrendered Himself to death and was counted among the wicked, That...
- Play these notes for the incipit: F-DE-E.
- Notice there is a B natural on male as well as tractaretur.
- Difficult interval of a sixth down AC at the full bar between os suum and traditus, it goes down from top A to bottom C. 1) One way to pitch it is to add a fifth down AD + one tone. 2) Another way is to pitch a third down AF to have the final note to be reached with C-DF. Take your time to get the tone right.
- Go through the quarter bar after vivificaret and jump lightly a 5th towards populum, it will sound better.
- Walk slowly through the word animam, there is no semitone here, succession of clivis and podatus. It seems easy but I found myself having difficulties. The goal is to reach the place of rest which is the first note E of the word suam, just before a quilisma and just after a semitone FE.
- After the verse you come back to ut vivificaret and the interval of a fourth DG seems to be a bit difficult. Both notes D and G are not the familiar tenor A or final E from mode 4, maybe that's why they are difficult to pitch. My way is to memorise the G from the porrectus on the previous word reputatus. Or you can project a fourth DG in your head...
Lesson II. ALEPH. F LU756 OHS319 OHM319
2 Resp. Jerusalem
5 LU757
OHS320
OHM320
F/G
℟. Arise, Jerusalem, and take off the trappings of joy; put on sackcloth and ashes, * For in you has the Saviour of Israel been slain.
℣. Let your tears flow like a torrent day and night; let there be no repose for your eyes. For...
- First thing to remember: climb up to top E on surge, so count the notes. It is a common mistake to stop at D.
- occisus has a succession of thirds: GB, BG and AF, dramatically expressing the word slain.
- Notice the B natural on the torculus ABA at Deduc, beginning of the verse.
- oculi has a double clivis semitonesque CB on "o", count the 4 notes to avoid singing "cu" too early. Stay on the same B for this syllable "cu".
Lesson III. Incipit. F LU758 OHS321 OHM321
Lesson III. Incipit.
(ad libitum)
LU760 OHS323 OHM323
3 Resp. Plange
5 LU761
OHS325
OHM325
G/A
℟. Lament like a virgin, My people. Howl, you shepherds, in sackcloth and ashes; * For the great day of the Lord has come, a day exceedingly bitter.
℣. Gird yourselves, O priests, and weep, O ministers of the altar, sprinkle yourselves with ashes. For... Lament...
- Similar incipit as Resp. Ecce vidimus.
- Dramatic expression with a minor third top DF on the rendering of the word ululate: Howl.
- Minor third DF which is eventually repeated on the words cinere et cilicio. Remark that these words have the same patterns as from the previous Resp. Jerusalem, although with different notes: first one with AC and second one with top DF. Here is a comparison.
- Walk slowly through amara (bitter) and carefully place the various intervals.
- Notice the B natural on the torculus ABA at vos, beginning of the verse.
- Here also can be said what was said for the Resp. Ecce vidimus: in the end, after you sing a second time Quia venit dies Domini you go back to the beginning and there is a big difficulty: valde ends on D and Plange starts on B, that makes a strange interval of six semitones, between a fourth and a fifth. My trick? Visualise/sing the fifth in your head and lower down a semitone. Of course it will be easier if you remember the incipit by heart.
- 2nd Nocturn LU762 OHS326 OHM326
1 Ant. Elevamini
Ps. 23. Domini est terra
5a LU762 OHS326
A/B
Be upraised * eternal gates, and the King of Glory will enter in.
OHM326
A/B
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- OHM has a flex on verses 4 and 8 which OHS hasn't.
2 Ant. Credo videre
Ps. 26. Dominus illuminatio mea
4E LU763
OHS327 OHM327
E/F
I believe I will see * the bounty of the Lord in the land of the living.
- OHM has a different intonation for the 1st psalm verse:
E-GAA where OHS has A-GAA.
- OHM has a flex on verse 18 which OHS hasn't.
3 Ant. Domine (abstraxisti)
Ps. 29. Exaltabo te Domine
8G LU764
OHS329
OHM329
E/F
O Lord, * You brought My soul up from the netherworld.
- Read the difficult word abstraxisti once before singing it.
V. In pace in idipsum LU765 OHS330 OHM330
Pater Noster in silence
Lesson IV. Accedet... LU765 OHS330 OHM330
4 Resp. Recessit (pastor)
7 LU766
OHS331
OHM331
C/C
℟. Our Shepherd, the fountain of living waters, is gone. At His passing, the sun was darkened. * For he who held the first Man captive has now been taken captive himself. Today our Saviour has broken the bars and the very gates of death.
℣. Yes, He has destroyed the prisons of hell and overthrown the power of the devil. For...
- Be careful at the incipit: after a fifth GD it does not peak with a semitone like Gaudeamus but a tone DE.
- After hominem jump a fourth. Visualise it before taking it.
- 1st line is a E so the note above is a semitone towards F. This note occurs during the verse.
Lesson V. Quo... LU766 OHS331 OHM331
5 Resp. O vos omnes
8 LU767
OHS332
OHM332
A/B
℟. O all of you who pass by the way, look and see * Whether there is any suffering like My suffering.
℣. Look, all you nations, and see My suffering, Whether...
- Some OHS print might miss a D at per viam. Check with the Liber Usualis.
- Tragic 5th down DG on dolor. To be rendered with expression.
Lesson VI. Posuerunt... LU767 OHS332 OHM332
6 Resp. Ecce (quomodo moritur)
4 LU767
OHS333
OHM333
C/C
℟. See how the Just One dies, and no one takes it to heart; just men are taken away, with no one giving it a thought. The Just One is taken away from the presence of evil; * And the remembrance of Him shall be in peace.
℣. Like a lamb before the shearers He was silent and opened not His mouth; He was taken away from distress and from judgement. And... See...
- Stay focus during the first part until the full bar, it all goes around EF, characteristic of mode 4.
- It eventually goes beyond A from et viri, starting by a fourth up.
- There is a B natural at iusti.
- Very difficult start after the full bar on a facie: the important note to reach is A, to be memorized from the end of the previous word considerat. Even if the first notes D-GG are not right make sure to hit the A.
- Lovely progression of a minor chord D-F-A on et erit; put expression on the various episemas and go calm for the next word pace
- Careful at the verse, very syllabic, don't miss a note and use the previous ones. For example at aperuit eos there is a double clivis GF, memorize the first one to go through the second one.
- The final coming back to the beginning, from memoria ejus to ecce is a 3rd down.
- 3rd Nocturn LU768 OHS334 OHM334
1 Ant. Deus adjuvat me
Ps. 53. Deus in nomine tuo
8G LU768
OHS334 OHM334
E/F
God is My helper, * and the Lord is the protector of my soul.
- OHM has a flex on verse 6 which OHS hasn't.
2 Ant. In pace factus est
Ps. 75. Notus in Judaea
7a LU769
OHS335
OHM335
C/E
In peace * is His dwelling; He abides in Sion.
3 Ant. Factus sum
Ps. 87. Domine Deus salutis meae
4d LU770
OHS336 OHM336
G/G
I am * a Man without help: free among the dead.
- OHM has a different intonation for the 1st psalm verse:
A-CDD where OHS has D-CDD.
- Strange mode 4, ending on A, normally mode 4 ends with E or B.
- Melody similar to the Angelus.
V. In pace factus est LU771 OHS338 OHM338
Pater Noster in silence
Lesson VII. Christus... LU771 OHS338 OHM338
7 Resp. Astiterunt (reges)
4 LU771
OHS339
OHM339
B/C
℟. The kings of the earth rise up, and the princes conspire together * Against the Lord and against His anointed.
℣. Why do the nations rage and the peoples utter folly? Against...
- First: B natural on reges.
- The torculus on the word "et" at et adversus has a fourth down CG, prepare for it, it is not ACA it is ACG.
- Christum starts on a fourth up DG, here too visualize it ; the G has an episema to regroup. This lengthened G comes back again twice after that.
- In the verse don't forget to switch to A-B on sunt after the syllabic G on meditati.
Lesson VIII. Et ideo... LU772 OHS339 OHM339
8 Resp. Aestimatus sum
4 LU772
OHS339
OHM339
F/G
℟. I am numbered with those who go down into the pit; * I have become like a man who needs no help, free among the dead.
℣. They have plunged Me into the bottom of the pit, in darkness and in the shadow of death. I have become...
- Difficult neumes on descentibus especially coming back to F after the fifth down AD. My advice? Remember the F from "scen".
- Another difficult neume with a quilisma on Factus: it starts with D then tone towards E, then unusually jumps a minor third towards G. The G has an episema to regroup eventually. After that it it is a normal GAB as Do-Re-Mi, with B natural.
- Adjutorio starts on a minor third, prepare for this little jump.
- Walk carefully through inferiori, neumatic with double notes.
Lesson IX. Lecto... LU773 OHS340 OHM340
9 Resp. Sepulto (Domino)
2 LU773
OHS340
OHM340
E/F
℟. After the Lord was laid in the sepulchre, the tomb was sealed. A stone was rolled to the entrance of the tomb, * And soldiers were set to guard Him.
℣. The chief priests approached Pilate with their petition. And... After...
- The word petierunt is pronounced as pe-tsi-e-runt, don't forget the "tsi".
Holy Saturday - Tenebrae Lauds
1 Ant. O mors
Ps. 50. Miserere mei Deus secundum
4c LU773 OHS341
G/G
O death, * I will be your death; hell, I will be your destruction!
- Melody similar to the Ant. Factus sum.
- Here too: strange mode 4, ending on A, normally mode 4 ends with E or B.
4d OHM341
G/G
- OHM has a similar melody to OHS but with one difference: a distropha instead of a dotted note.
- Also OHM has a different psalm tone from OHS. Here too OHM has a different intonation for the 1st psalm verse: A-CDD where OHS has D-CDD.
2 Ant. Plangent eum
Ps. 91. Bonum est confiteri Domino
4A* LU775 OHS343
D/E
They shall mourn for Him * as for an only son; for the Lord who is innocent has been slain.
OHM343
D/E
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
3 Ant. Attendite (universi)
Ps. 63. Exaudi Deus... orationem
7b LU776 OHS344
E/G
Look, * all you nations, and see My suffering.
7d OHM344
C/E
- OHM has a different melody from OHS.
- And a different psalm tone.
4 Ant. A porta inferi
Cant. Ezechiae
2D LU776A
OHS346 OHM346
F/G
From the gate of hell * deliver My soul, O Lord.
- OHM has a different ending for the psalm verses.
5 Ant. O vos omnes
Ps. 150. Laudate Dominum in sanctis
8c LU776B OHS347
A/B
O all you * who pass by the way, look and see whether there is any suffering like My suffering.
8a OHM347
A/B
- OHM has a similar melody to OHS but with two differences: a distropha instead of a dotted note and a cephalicus instead of a clivis.
- Also OHM has a different psalm tone from OHS.
- No chapter
- No hymn
V. Caro mea LU776B OHS348 OHM348
Ant Bene. Mulieres
Cant. Benedictus
1g LU776B OHS132
C/C
The women * sitting at the sepulchre were weeping and lamenting for the Lord.
OHM132
C/C
- OHM has a different melody from OHS; among other things: B natural on autem when OHS and Liber Usualis have a B flat. On the video they sing B natural although they display the melody from the Liber Usualis, which has a B flat... I think it sounds better with a B flat.
Ant. Christus (factus est)
+ Mortem autem crucis
+ Propter quod et Deus

Philipp. 2, 8-9.
5 LU659
OHS136
OHM136
D/E
All kneel and sing.
Errata in English Liber Usualis: Propter quod et Deus is not added on Friday but Saturday.
Pater Noster in silence
Concede B LU660 OHS137 OHM137 Do not say Oremus.
Holy Saturday - Vespers
1 Ant. Hodie + Ps. 115 8G LU776C OHS349
2 Ant. Cum his quis oderunt pacem + Ps. 119 8G LU776D OHS350
3 Ant. Ab hominibus iniquis + Ps. 139 8G LU776D OHS351
4 Ant. Custodi me + Ps. 140 7a LU776E OHS353
5 Ant. Considerabam + Ps. 141 7a LU776F OHS354
Ant. Principes sacerdotum 1g LU776G OHS355
Cant. Magnificat 1g LU207 OHS356 No "Gloria Patri".
Concede LU776G OHS357 Do not say Oremus.
Holy Saturday - Paschal Vigil
- Blessing of the new fire LU776I OHS358
- Blessing of the Pascal candle LU776J OHS359
- Procession of the Pascal candle LU776K OHS360
Lumen Christi / Deo gratias LU776L OHS361
- The Pascal praise LU776L OHS362
Exsultet LU776M OHS362 Sung by the deacon (or the priest).
- The readings or lessons LU776O OHS371
Lesson I LU776P OHS372
Lesson II LU776Q OHS374
Canticle. Cantemus 8 LU776R GR239D OHS375
Lesson III LU776S OHS376
Canticle. Vinea 8 LU776S GR239E OHS377
Lesson IV LU776T OHS378
Canticle. Attende 8 LU776U GR239F OHS378
- The first part of the litany LU776V GR239G OHS380
- The blessing of water for baptism LU776V GR239I OHS382
- The sacrement of baptism LU776Z GR239I OHS391
Canticle. Sicut cervus 8 LU776BB GR239I OHS393
- Renewal of the promises of baptism LU776DD GR239J OHS395 In English: OHS484.
- The second part of the litany LU776EE GR239J OHS397
Holy Saturday - Mass of the Paschal Vigil
Kyrie I LU776HH GR OHS401 Straight from the end of the Vigil Litany.
Gloria in excelsis Deo LU776HH GR239L OHS401 Church bells are rung. Organ plays. Statues are uncovered.
Alleluia (R. Alleluia) LU776II GR239L OHS403 Sung 3 times, each time at a higher pitch.
V. Confitemini Domino LU776II GR239L OHS404
Psalm 116. Laudate 8 LU776II GR239L OHS404
Easter Sunday - Lauds
Ant. Alleluia + Ps. 150 6F LU776KK GR239M OHS409 Lauds are sung just at the end of Holy Saturday Mass.
Ant. Et valde mane 8G LU776KK GR239N OHS410
Benedictus 8G LU776LL GR239O OHS410
Ite missa est 8 OHS414
Sit nomen Domini 8 OHS442
OHM414
Easter Sunday - Prime
Easter Sunday - Terce
Easter Sunday - Mass
Ant. Vidi aquam LU12
GR2*
OHS427

OHM424
Intr. Resurrexi 4 LU777 GR240 OHS429
OHM431
From here the OHM PDF gives page 431, etc.
Kyrie 8 OHS430
Kyrie (monastic) 4 OHM432
Gloria 1 OHS430
OHM432
Grad. Haec dies 2 LU778 GR241 OHS432
OHM434
All. Pascha nostrum 7 LU779 GR242 OHS433
OHM435
Alleluia not repeated at the end.
Seq. Victimae paschali 1 LU780 GR242 OHS434
OHM436
Alleluia sung at the end.
Credo 4 OHS435
OHM437
Offert. Terra 4 LU781 GR243 OHS438
OHM440
Hymn. LU OHS For info: Vespers have no hymn on Easter Sunday.
Sanctus 1 OHS438
OHM440
Agnus 1 OHS440
OHM442
Comm. Pascha nostrum 6 LU781 GR243 OHS441
OHM443
Ite 8 OHS441
OHM443
Easter Sunday - Vespers
Deus in adjutorium... Alleluia LU250 OHS448
1 Ant. Angelus autem Domini + Ps. 109 8G LU782 OHS448
2 Ant. Et ecce terraemotus + Ps. 110 7c LU782 OHS450
3 Ant. Erat autem + Ps. 111 8c LU782 OHS451
4 Ant. Prae timore autem ejus + Ps. 112 7a LU782 OHS452
5 Ant. Respondens autem angelus + Ps. 113 8G LU783 OHS454
Ant. Haec dies 2 LU783 OHS456
Ant Magn. Et respicientes 3a LU783 OHS456
Cant. Magnificat 3a LU214 OHS457
Deus qui hodierna die LU778 OHS459
Benedicamus Domino, Alleluia Alleluia LU784 OHS460
Easter Sunday - Monastic Vespers
Deus in adjutorium... Alleluia OHM449
1 Ant. Angelus autem Domini + Ps. 109 8G OHM449
2 Ant. Et ecce terraemotus + Ps. 110 7c OHM451
3 Ant. Erat autem + Ps. 111 8c OHM452
4 Ant. Respondens autem angelus + Ps. 112 8G OHM453
Chapter OHM455
R. br. Surrexit Dominus vere 6 OHM455
Hymn. Ad cenam Agni 8 OHM456
V. Haec dies OHM456
Ant Magn. Et respicientes 3a OHM457
Cant. Magnificat 3a OHM457
Kyrie OHM460
Pater noster OHM460
Deus qui hodierna die OHM461
Benedicamus Domino, Alleluia Alleluia OHM461
Easter Sunday - Compline
Easter Sunday - Monastic Compline




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